The Damascus goat is a goat breed of domestic goat generally used for milk production. It is mainly raised in Cyprus, Lebanon and Syria. The breed is also known by some other names such as Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep or Shami. The Damascus goat is a native breed of the Middle East, and it has been raised in big herds throughout the region.
This goats were exported by the British at some time in the nineteenth Century. They were taken to Cyprus where they were then bred and raised in large numbers. It was during this time that the breed picked up the name “Damascus“.
The Damascus goat was mentioned in many classics of Arabic literature. In fact, the breed appear in the religions and folklore of the region as well. Because of being noble and having striking characteristics, the Damascus goat was used for creating many other goat breeds.
And there has been interest in the breeding and genetics of this goat. A Damascus goat named Qahr won the first prize for the “Most Beautiful Goat” title at the Mazayen al-Maaz competition in Riyadh on June 13, 2008. Read more information about this goat breed below.
Damascus Goat Characteristics
The Damascus goats are large in size, and are of the Nubian type. They are usually red or brown in color, but can also be seen in pied or grey color. They are usually long haired. They can be either horned or polled. Fully grown Damascus goats have a long neck and long legs.
Their head is relatively small. Like most other goats, the Damascus bucks are usually larger and heavier than the does. The bucks on average weight about 70-90 kg. And average weight of the does is about 50-60kg. Photo from SheepFarm.in & info from The Goat Guide.
Damascus goat is a dairy goat breed and mainly used for milk production. But they are valued not only for milk, but also for meat.
The Damascus goat is described as being noble, and having striking characteristics. They are very beautiful and used in the creation of many other popular goat breeds. The does can give birth of three to four kids per kidding, if given the proper care. The does are pretty good milk producers. On average the does can produce up to 1.5 kg milk daily. The milk of the Damascus goat is noted for being extremely easy to digest for anyone who may have issues digesting more normal dairy products. They are usually of good behavior and have relatively calm temperament. Review full breed profile of the Damascus goat in the following chart.
Damascus Goat | Breed Profile
|Other Name||The breed is also known as Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep or Shami.|
|Weight||Buck||About 70-90 kg|
|Doe||About 50-60 kg|
|Horns||Can be either horned or polled|
|Climate Tolerance||All Climates|
|Coat Color||Usually red or brown in color, but can also be seen in pied or grey.|
|Good for Stall Fed||Not Sure|
|Country/Place of Origin||Syria|
Damascus goat farming is common and popular for milk production in it’s native area. The breed is mainly found and raised in Cyprus, Syria and Lebanon. The breed is also known by some other names such as Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep or Shami.
The Damascus goat is actually a native breed of the Middle East where it has been raised in big herds throughout the region. Although today, the breed is also available in some other parts of the world.
The Damascus goat was used for creating many new or improved goat breeds, because of being noble and having striking characteristics.
Commercial Damascus goat farming in large scale is possible, as these goats are very good for milk production. You have to maintain the farm perfectly for making good profit from your Damascus goat farming business.
How to Start Damascus Goat Farming
Starting Damascus goat farming is just like starting a dairy goat farm with any other dairy goat breeds. Here we are shortly describing about the steps for starting Damascus goat farming business.
First of all, purchase purebred, good quality and healthy goats from the livestock market or existing farms where Damascus goat is available.
The Damascus goats are large in size and they generally require large house. Generally, around 15 square feet space per goat will be sufficient. Dry and clean house is considered best for Damascus goat farming. So always try to keep the house dry and clean. Ensure good ventilation system inside the house and also ensure that the house is comfortable for the goats.
Feeding is the most important part of Damascus goat farming business. You must have to feed your goats with nutritious food to keep them healthy and productive. As a dairy goat breed, Damascus goats will also require adequate green feeds for enough milk production.
Natural breeding is generally practiced for Damascus goats. Generally one healthy buck is enough for breeding up to 30 does.
Additional caring is required along with quality feeding and providing good shelter. Vaccinate your goats timely and provide them with de-worming medicines on a regular basis. Take extra care of the breeding buck, pregnant and nursing does.
Marketing goat products is not a problem, and you can easily sell your products in your local market. Although you should determine your marketing strategies before starting your business.<s
These are the common steps for starting and operating a successful Damascus goat farming business. Good luck!